May 28 2009

بعض الصفات في اللغة الايطالية ج1



كسول pigro

غضبان arrabbiato

راضي soddisfatto

هادئ calmo

سئ cattivo

جيد buono

جميل bello

قبيح brutto

أعمي cieco

شجاع coraggioso

نظيف pulito

متسخ sporco

مجتهد diligente

بارد freddo

ساخن caldo

صعب difficile

سهل facile

آمن sicuro

غير آمن insicuro

مبكر presto

متأخر tardi

فارغ vuoto

مليان pieno

محظوظ fortunato

غير محظوظ sfortunato

طازج fresco

عظيم , كبير grande

صغيرpiccolo
grandeكبير

شاب giovane

سعيد felice, contento

حزين triste, infelice

ثقيل pesante

خفيف leggero

قديم , عجوز vecchio

سخيف antipatico

ظريف simpatico

رفيع magro

ضخم grosso
متعب , مرهق stanco

مريض malato

رائع stupendo

معافي\سليم sano

طويل امتدادا lungo

قصير corto

مفيد utile

مبتل bagnato

مفتوح aperto

مغلق chiuso

ممتاز eccellente , ottimo

سار piacevole

مهذب educato
maleducatoغير مهذب

ودود affettuoso

عصبي nervosa

خائن perfido

رومانسي romantico

منافق ipocrita

أناني egoista

غير أناني altruista

fiero متكبر
orgoliosoمتكبر
مؤدب garbato

غير مؤدب sgarbato

حديث moderno

أثري antico

قريب vicino

بعيد lontano

مطفي spento

مضاء acceso



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May 28 2009

قواعد في اللغة الايطالية( الجزء الثاني)\فعل يكون ا

The verb to be - essere - is used for conditions or characteristics that are either permanent or transitory. It is important to mention that in Italian the verb essere is also one of the verbs that is used as an auxiliary verb for past tenses a. So, we strongly recommend you to learn this verb before all the others.

Compare:

Your team has just won the championship. You are happy and talk to your friend...

- Io sono molto felice! (I am very happy!) – You are happy now, the reason is because your team won the championship. This could be a transitory situation. Today you are happier because of a particular reason, event or situation.



Your friend Luciano is always in a good mood. He is always happy and you are talking about him to another friend



- Luciano è felice (Luciano is happy) – Luciano is happy kind of person. Being always happy is a quality of him.





Conjugation of the verb essere

n Italian, the conjugation of the verb is the result of the root of the verb (stem) and a specific termination. For example, the conjugation of a verb for the person “Io” (I) is different from “Tu” (you), so usually the termination of the verb is enough to indicate which person the verb is related to, even when the person is omitted in a sentence. The verb essere is irregular which means that there is not a general pattern of conjugations that you can follow and apply for other verbs.

Verb “Essere”



Person
Essere

(to be)
Translation

Io
sono
(I) am
Tu
sei
(You - informal) are
Lui / lei / Lei
è
(He / she / you - formal) is
Noi
siamo
(We) are
Voi
siete
(You) are
Loro
sono (They) are



Examples:

Io sono ingegnere. (I am an engineer.)

Sono insegnante. (I am a teacher.) The termination of the verb is enough to indicate which person the verb is related to, even when the person is omitted in the sentence. “Sono” is used just to refer to “I”

Sono italiano. (I am Italian). Reading this sentence we know that the person who is speaking is a man, because the adjective – italiano - is in the masculine form )

Sono italiana. (I am Italian) Reading this sentence we know that the person who is speaking is a woman, because the adjective – italiana – is in the feminine form)

Dove sei? (Where are you?). See the conjugated verb “sei” is related to the person “you” (tu)

Lui è felice (He is happy) In this case 'è felice' could be referring to he or she, so in order to specify who is happy, usually the person is used before the verb)

Siamo qui. (We are here). In this case the conjugated verb “siamo” is used just to refer to we (noi)

Noi siamo qui. (We are here)This sentence has the same meaning than the sentence above, but theperson we - 'noi' was used to emphasize the sentence
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May 28 2009

قواعد في اللغة الايطالية(الجزء الاول)ا

il presente
المضارع

هناك ثلاثة مجموعات يتم تصريفها مع الضمائر
المجموعة الاولي تنتهي بثلاثة حروف هي
(are)
لمجموعة الثانية تنتهي بثلاثة حروف هي
(ere)
المجموعة الثالثة تنتهي بثلاثة حروف هي
(ire)

    --------------------------

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    مثال علي أفعال المجموعة الأولي

     يتكلمParlare

    Io        parlo
    Tu        parli
    Lui/lei   parla
    Noi       parliamo
    Voi       parlate
    Loro      parlano

    مثال علي أفعال المجموعة الثانية

    يعيشVivere

    Io     vivo
    Tu     vivi
    Lui/lei vive
    Noi     viviamo
    Voi     vivete
    Loro    vivono

    مثال علي أفعال المجموعة الثالثة

    يسمع / يشعر / يشم
    Sentire


    Io   sento
    Tu   senti
    Lui/lei sente
    Noi     sentiamo
    Voi     sentite
    Loro    sentono


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    May 26 2009

    ضمائر الملكية في اللغة الايطالية

     ملاحظة هامة

    la .....للمفرد المؤنث

    il.......للمفرد المذكر

    i........للجمع المذكر

    le......للجمع المؤنث

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    May 26 2009

    الالون باللغة الايطالية

    الالوان i colori

    white bianco/a

    yellow giallo/a

    orange arancione

    pink rosa

    red rosso/a

    light blue azzurro/a

    dark blue blu

    green verde

    brown marrone

    grey grigio/a

    black nero/a

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    ملاحظة هامة

     حرف
    (o)
    اللي في آخر الكلمة تدل علي انك تشير الي لون شيء مذكر
    وحرف
    (a)
    يدل انك تشير الي لون شيء مؤنث
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