May 28 2009

علامات الاستفهام في اللغة الايطالية


استخدام أدوات الاستفهام

Chi?
من؟ تستخدم للسؤال عن الفاعل العاقل فقط.

تركيب السؤال:

أداة الاستفهام + الفعل + الضمير أو الاسم؟


Chi è il tuo professore?

Che cosa?

للسؤال عن الأشياء فقط


Che cosa è questo?

للسؤال عن الفاعل أو الشئ غير العاقل؟


Che? Che grammatica usi? Che (che cosa) vuoi bere?

ما هو اسمك؟

Quale?

(Qual prima di è) In quale letto vuoi dormire? Qual è il tuo nome?

Quanto? Quanto vino hai bevuto? Quanto osta questo vestito?

للسؤال عن المكان: أين؟

Dove? Dove abiti?

من أين؟

Da dove vieni?

Quando? Quando sei arrivato?

للسؤال عن الكيفية؟

Come? Come ti chiami?

للسؤال عن السبب؟

Perchè? Perchè vuoi studiare l'italiano?


في اللغة الدارجة يمكن استخدام كلمة" cosa" بدلا من " che cosa" وهناك فرق بين استخدام" che" و " quale" حيث ان الاولي

تستخدم بصورة عمومية اما " quale" غالبا للاختيار بين اشخاص او اشياء محددة من قبل.


Che libri leggi? Che vino è questo?
Quale vino preferisci? Q
uale treno prendi?

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